Tuesday, August 15, 2017

Alas Freedom Fighter, Scholar Shaikh Zaheeruddin ssheb no more

*Shaikh Zaheeruddin Rehmani, The Old Freedom Fighter & A Renowned Scholar of Islam Passes Away  On The Eve Of The Independence Day In India.* 

Shaikh Zaheeruddin Rehmani (may Allah's mercy be on him) passes away yesterday - 14th August 2017, on the eve of the Independence Day in India. He is getting buried today on the 15th August - Independence Day. He was over 100 years of age while breathing his last breath. 

Many don't know about him. Here is a story of an interesting man who lived courageously to make his life a source of goodness to the people of India. 

He was a freedom fighter who took part in the Indian Freedom Struggle against the British Raj. He was even punished and shackled by the Britishers during that period, so much so that his back was severed due to extreme pain and stress. He was also one of the highest honoured scholars of India who was termed as the Muhaddith and Shaikhul Islam by many scholars of our times. Shaikh lived in Omarabad, Tamilnadu, who used to teach the scholars and give ijazah- certification for the students on Kutubu Sittah - the Six Hadeeth Books of Ahaadeeth (the Traditions of the Prophet - peace be upon him). People from across the world used to learn under this scholar, and get benefitted out of his knowledge. 

One of the rarest information that you know about him will be shared by me here In'shaa'Allah. The Shaikh was not only a freedom fighter, but was also among those scholars who chose to live in India even after the partition of India. Shaikh Zaheeruddin was the one who hoisted the Indian Flag high during the Independence Day Commemoration at the Jamia Daarus Salam, Omarabad, Tamilnadu. The Shaikh used to be the one who lived to promote peace and harmony in this land, and he is now getting buried on the very day that he used to hoist the Indian Flag since many years. 

Yes, for today's youngsters it may be just another day. But for the Shaikh who fought against the British, for you and I to live with freedom, this day is a day that brings memories of their sacrifices to see smiles in the faces of the Indians today. 

When I shared the news of the demise of this great scholar to the Guests of Honour Sri G.B. Athri (Retired Wing Commander, Indian Air Force) and Sri Mahendra Kumar (Ex Convenor, Bajrang Dal & RSS Activist) this morning at our school AL BASHEER, they were overwhelmed by this man's life, so much so that Sri Athri even took his name during his lecture and offered a salute to Shaikh Zaheeruddin rahimahUllah - may Allah's mercy be on him. Such is the people of substance who get honoured by those who appreciate goodness in people. 

Honour the man for his knowledge. And honour the man for his service to society. May Allah forgive the shortcomings of the Shaikh, and may HE admit him in Jannatul Firdouse. 

Writer 
Umar Shariff 
President, DIET 
www.discoverislam.co.in 

_(Note: All information shared in this article are the outcome of discussion with the scholars who studied in Omarabad, who have spent time with Shaikh Zaheeruddin.)_



Monday, July 31, 2017

Chennai Leather Market - August 2017

CHENNAI LEATHER MARKET

V. M. Khaleelur Rahman

Activities in the Chennai leather market are very slow which cannot be properly described in words.  Some of my tanner friends said that they were not able to sell anything since more than a month. The newly introduced GST (Goods and Services Tax) is also responsible for the present inactivity in the market. A lot of confusion is prevailing in the market. Taking this into consideration the Council for Leather Exports has decided to organise awareness seminars on GST “all over India” to apprise and educate the members about it in detail. Chartered Accountants and Financial Analysts are to make presentations during the seminars and clarify doubts of members about GST.

GST has five rates of taxes for Goods and Services. They are subject to Nil, 5%, 12%, 18% or 28% depending on the type of goods or services. Recently, gold and raw uncut diamonds have been classified under 3% and 0.25% GST. Export of goods and services are classified as ‘Zero Rated’.


GST rates
Raw and Tanned Hides and Skins
5%
Finished Leather
12%
Leather Goods and Garments
28%
Footwear up to Retail Selling Price Rs.500 per piece
5%
Other Footwear and Components
18%
Wattle Extract, Quebracho Extract
5%
Other tanning Chemicals
18%,28%
Finishers, Polishes etc
28%
Job Work charges for processing of leather
5%
Other Job Work charges
18%
Effluent Treatment charges
18%

The above rates indicate the total of CGST and SGST rates. The division of the rates would be equal.
As stated above the Chennai leather market is very dull. However some tanners have sold their E.I. Tanned Goat Skins, Better Lining 5/7 sq. ft. at around Rs.52 and 4/6 sq. ft. at around 42 per sq. ft. Many tanners are having huge quantities of this item unsold as exporters of leather and leather products are not in the market for purchases.

Quotations of tanners are as follows:

E.I. Tanned Goat Skins

Grain selection: 5/8 sq. ft. Run/V Rs.90/95, V Rs.70/75, IF Rs.60/65, LIF Rs.50/55
Suede Selection: 5/8 sq. ft. Rs.45/46, 4/6 sq. ft. Rs.40/42
Lining Selection: 5/8 sq. ft. Rs.40/42, 4/6 sq. ft. Rs.36/37
Better Mesh: 5/8 sq. ft. Rs.30/32
Rejection Rs.14/16, Langda Rs.7/8 (All prices are per sq.ft.)

As far as raw goat skins are concerned, ruling prices are at around the following prices:
Miraj Rs.200, Ahmednagar Rs.150, Cadappa Rs.100, Hyderabad Rs.70 per piece

EXPORT CONTRACTS

As regards export orders for leather, there is no report of any fresh big contract. Some patchy business may have taken place. Generally speaking overseas customers are almost keeping quiet abroad due to holidays and other reasons. Leather exporters are endeavouring their best to have orders from as many sources as possible. The hard fact is that leather industry is passing through a very difficult period perhaps never witnessed before.

OFFERS OF EXPORTERS ARE AS FOLLOWS:

4/6 sq. ft. All Suede JY 195, LIF Suede JY 165, Rejection Suede JY 110
6/9 sq. ft. All Suede JY 210, LIF Suede JY 175, Rejection Suede JY 125

S/C OR F/C GOAT LEATHERS

Material
Size/sq. ft.
Substance
Selection
Price US$ per sq. ft. C&F
Goat upper leather
 4/7
0.6/0.8 mm
ABC/DE
2.25/1.75
Goat milled leather
4/7
0.6/0.8 mm
TR-1
1.75
Goat suede leather
4/7
5/8
0.6/0.8 mm
0.6/0.8 mm
All Suede
2.00
2.10
Goat lining leather
4/7
0.5/0.7 mm
TR-1
1.70
6/9
0.6/0.8 mm
TR-1
1.80

F/C SHEEP LEATHERS
Material
Size/sq.ft.
Substance
Selection
Price US$ per sq. ft. C&F
Sheep Cabretta leather
4/7
0.6/0.8 mm
ABC
1.95
Sheep Cabretta leather
6/9
0.8/1.00 mm
ABC
2.05
Sheep lining leather
4/7
5/9
0.5/0.7 mm
0.6/0.8 mm
TR-1
TR-1
1.60
1.70


Exporters say that the government should come out with sufficient incentives to boost our growth and exports which have come down considerably.  

(Writer's e-mail id: vmk1234@yahoo.com)

Wednesday, July 26, 2017

DR. APJ Abdul Kalam - Remembering him on his 2nd death anniversary on 27th July 2017


The following is the speech delivered by V. M. Khaleelur Rahman at the condolence meeting organised by Ambur Muslim Educational Society at Ambur Trade Centre on 10th August 2015:

In the name of Allah, the beneficent, the merciful

Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam was a great scientist and spiritual technocrat par excellence. We all know his contribution to the country is immense. He was a great person comparable with none. He was the people’s President when he was in office and even afterwards.

What was the secret of his popularity? 

When you speak, speak the truth, perform when you promise, discharge your trust…withhold your hands from striking and from taking that which is unlawful and bad…
Gladden the heart of a human being, feed the hungry, help the afflicted, lighten the sorrow of the sorrowful…….

Dr. Kalam practised the above noble principles of the Prophet (sal-am) in his life and became the darling of the masses.

He strongly believed that all God’s creatures are His family and he is the most beloved of God who tries to do most good to God’s creatures….

His advice to students was:

Dream, Dream, Dream,
Dreams transform into thoughts,
And thoughts result in action.

When Dr. Kalam talked of dreaming, he meant that youngsters should set themselves a goal. He believed that if one firmly believes in something and makes efforts in a focused way, then one can realize his dreams. “Dreams……….is not what we see in sleep but it is the thing which does not let us sleep”. In other words Dr. Kalam wished that youngsters should aim big and work for the country’s transformation.

Why was he so popular with the children? It is because unlike other VIPs he was accessible and made the children feel important. He was never in a hurry to finish the meeting and run away. He encouraged children to ask questions and patiently answered them.

We must be proud that we had Dr. Kalam in our midst in Ambur itself. A delegation led by Mecca Rafeeque Ahmed saheb met Dr. Abdul Kalam in New Delhi when he was the President and invited him to inaugurate the Centenary celebrations of Ambur Muslim Educational Society. He magnanimously accepted it, came to Ambur and inaugurated it on 4th September 2006. That day is green in our memory. The whole of Ambur wore a festive look and the people were so excited and happy.

Dr. A.P. J. Abdul Kalam’s inaugural address impressed everyone. His question-answer session with children was thought provoking and full of encouragement to students. He was determined to mould the minds of the students to work hard to make India a developed nation by 2020.
He strongly believed that it is education which can change ones destiny for the better and make our country a progressive and prosperous one. He considered teaching as the noblest profession.

He was a scientist and a devout Muslim. He was pious in the real sense and got inspiration from the holy Quran. It is said that he never missed his fajr namaz.

Dr. Abdul Kalam will always be remembered for his role as an excellent scientist, as a people’s president, as a good writer and orator and most importantly as a humble and genuine human being.

It is heartening to know that the AMES is thinking of starting a Centre by name Dr. Kalam Vision Foundation in his memory to encourage students to emulate his example and come up in life with flying colours.

Dr. Kalam is not with us now but his shining example will always influence us.

Thank you,

Friday, July 21, 2017

No Ban on Rs.2,000 Notes, says Haj Committee of India

NO BAN ON RS.2,000 NOTES, SAYS HAJ COMMITTEE OF INDIA


Haj Ban on Rs 2000 Note[The annual ritual is held every year to commemorate the sacrifices made by Prophet Ibrahim, his noble wife Hager and their noble son Prophet Ismael. (File photo)]

Mumbai:
 The Haj Committee of India Thursday rejected as fake the news which appeared in a section of the media and later went viral on social networking sites claiming that it has advised the Haj Pilgrims not to carry Rs.2000 currency notes as the newly denominated notes are banned by the Saudi government.

"The news circulating in the media regarding the ban on Rs.2000 notes is fake, not true", a Haj Committee of India official said while talking to ummid.com.

"The Haj Committee of India issues notifications and written guidelines for every big and small thing concerning the pilgrims on Haj. They include flight status, health warnings, maximum allowable baggage, how the pilgrims could get Qurbani (Adahi) coupons and other related matters.

"We would have issued a written warning if there was indeed any issue with the Rs.2000 currency notes", he said.

"There is no reason for the pilgrims to get panicked as the news circulating in the media is not true", he reiterated.

The news that the Haj Committee of India has advised all officials in the states to inform pilgrims not to carry Rs.2000 currency notes first appeared in a leading English daily. It was later also flashed by some television channels.

It is reported that Saudi officials have decided not to accept new currency notes of Rs.2000 since there were rumours that fake currency is in circulation.

About 170,000 Haj pilgrims from India will go to Makkah in Saudi Arabia to perform Haj expected to be held in first week of September.

As per the Foreign Exchange Rules, every Haj pilgrim is entitled to carry Rs.25000 Indian currency or $10000 with them.

The annual ritual is held every year to commemorate the sacrifices made by Prophet Ibrahim, his noble wife Hager and their noble son Prophet Ismael. Hajj also coincides with Eid al Adha - celebrated by Muslims across the world.

(Courtesy: www.ummid.com)

Monday, July 3, 2017

Chennai Leather Market - July 2017

                                                     CHENNAI LEATHER MARKET

                                                         V. M. Khaleelur Rahman

Limited activities are taking place in the Chennai leather market. It is learnt that some patchy business is taking place in tanned goat skins at around the following prices:

Grain selection 4/6 Run & V Rs.57, 5/8 Run Rs.75,
Lining selection 4/6 Rs.36, 5/8 Rs.42,
Suede selection 4/6 Rs.44
All per sq. ft.

Quotations are as follows:

 E.I. Tanned Goat Skins
Grain selection:
4/6 sq. ft. Run/V/IF/LIF combined Rs.60
5/8 sq. ft. Run/V/IF/LIF Rs.90/75/65/55
Suede Selection:                                                                                                             
4/6 sq. ft. All Suede Rs.45
5/7 sq. ft. All Suede Rs.50
Lining Selection:
4/6 sq. ft. ABC combined Rs.37
5/8 sq. ft. AB combined Rs.47 and ABC combined Rs.44
Mesh selection:
5/8 sq. ft. Rs.26
Rejection
3/8 sq. ft. Rs.18
Langda
Rs.13
All per sq. ft. 

F/C SHEEP LEATHER FOR EXPORT

Japan is a good market for goat, sheep and hide leathers but since some time due to various reasons export to this country has not been much.

In order to tempt business exporters are offering reduced prices as follows:

4/6 sq. ft. All Suede JY 190, LIF Suede JY 160, Rejection Suede JY 110
6/9 sq. ft. All Suede JY 200, LIF Suede JY 170, Rejection Suede JY 120

S/C OR F/C GOAT LEATHERS

Material
Size/sq. ft.
Substance
Selection
Price US$ per sq. ft. C&F
Goat upper leather
 4/7
0.6/0.8 mm
ABC/DE
2.20/1.75
Goat milled leather
4/7
0.6/0.8 mm
TR-1
1.70
Goat suede leather
4/7
5/8
0.6/0.8 mm
0.6/0.8 mm
All Suede
2.00
2.10
Goat lining leather
4/7
0.5/0.7 mm
TR-1
1.70
6/9
0.6/0.8 mm
TR-1
1.80

F/C SHEEP LEATHERS

Material
Size/sq.ft.
Substance
Selection
Price US$ per sq. ft. C&F
Sheep Cabretta leather
4/7
0.6/0.8 mm
ABC
1.90
Sheep Cabretta leather
6/9
0.8/1.00 mm
ABC
2.00
Sheep lining leather
4/7
5/9
0.5/0.7 mm
0.6/0.8 mm
TR-1
TR-1
1.55
1.65

As far as export business is concerned, here again only limited contracts are being concluded with all difficulties as overseas customers are not anxious to do regular and big business at present. However Indian exporters are endeavouring their best to market their goods abroad. Many exporters are of the opinion that the government has no option but to give necessary incentives to exporters of leather and leather products to boost growth and export.  

GST

GST (Goods and Services Tax) which has come into force from 1st July 2017 is viewed in different angles by different people. It proved to be a mixed bag for consumers. While the government has all praise for it and claims it will build a new India by bringing benefits for all, business people think otherwise.

While consumer goods companies such as Hindustan Unilever and Amul have reduced prices on several products, eateries have started adding CGST 9% and SGST 9% in their bills. Even water canes have become expensive. Surprisingly alcohol and tobacco have been exempted from GST and more essential items like tea, coffee and ghee have been taxed. To the leather industry the GST is a big burden particularly at the present time when it is passing through an unprecedented difficult period.

No doubt, GST is a landmark achievement supported by all political parties but it requires amendments wherever and whenever necessary.

(Writer’s e-mail id: vmk1234@yahoo.com)

Sunday, June 25, 2017

WHERE IS REAL HAPPINESS OF EID?

REAL HAPPINESS OF EID 

BY V. M. Khaleelur Rahman 

Eid-ul-Fitr or Ramadan Eid is celebrated as a day of thanksgiving to God after successful completion of the month-long fasting from dawn to dusk during Ramadan, the ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar and on sighting the crescent moon of the 10th month called Shawwal. Ramadan is meant for fasting, worship and charity, and also for self-introspection for the purpose of purification of one's soul and body by giving up bad and attaining good things. The Holy Quran says, "Fasting is prescribed to you as it was to those before you so that you may learn self-restraint." Fasting brings people together and creates a sense of camaraderie among them. It inculcates in them righteous conduct, to be good people and brotherhood of man by eradicating evils such as anger, greed and malice.

Prophet Mohammed (Sal-am) has said, "Do not belittle even the smallest act of kindness even if it is no more than meeting your neighbour with a smiling and cheerful face. We should not consider any charity small or not worth doing. Charity, big or small, should be given in a pleasant manner without hurting the feeling of its receivers and with the thought that we are only discharging a religious duty from the wealth God has given us." According to Islam even our day-to-day acts, like being kind to others at home and outside, are charity and it makes a big difference in our relations with them.

Once when Prophet Mohammed (Sal-am) was on his way to Idgah for Id prayers, he saw a poor boy about five-years-old sitting on the pavement sadly. He went near him and asked, "Why are you alone here, my dear boy?" The boy started weeping and said, "I am an orphan with nobody to care for me." The Prophet could not bear the pathetic words of the poor boy and consoled him saying, "From now on you can look to me as your father and Ayesha as your mother," and returned home with him. When his wife Ayesha fed him and dressed him well for Id prayers the Prophet lifted him on his shoulders and said, "Ayesha, this is the happiest Id for me. I experience true happiness at the happiness of this little orphan boy." He was a great benefactor of humanity and his mission right from the beginning to end was to see that every individual maintained his self-respect free from any sort of slavery.

Saturday, June 17, 2017

Zakat can make Indian Muslims self reliant

ZAKAT CAN MAKE INDIAN MUSLIMS SELF RELIANT


By H. ABDUR RAQEEB

One-fourth of India’s beggars are Muslims and out of these Muslims, there are more women than men. This sad truth was made public in the report of a survey published on 30 July, 2016.

On December, 2014, Veernagar, Agra, came in the glare of media. Many poor Muslims, who were rag-pickers, rickshaw-pullers or manual labourers from Bengal and Assam were lured into converting to Hinduism by some communal organisations. The poor Muslims were converted on the strength of money. The conversion was named ‘ghar-wapsi’.

Don’t these incidents prompt the general Muslim population of India to do something about the community and find a solution? At least 14.5% of Indian population is Muslim. But they form the poorest of the poor.

The report by Sachar Committee in 2004-2005 (page 237 of Chapter 12), “Our analysis shows that while there is considerable variation in the conditions of Muslims across states, (and among the Muslims, those who identified themselves as OBCs and others), the Community exhibits deficits and deprivation in practically all dimensions of development.”

National Council for Applied Economic Research has also revealed many surprising finds after its surveys. It states that in urban areas three out of ten Muslims are below poverty line.

Nobel Laureate Dr Amartya Sen prepared a report on the poor conditions of Muslims in West Bengal. The report called Social Network for Assistance to People was prepared with the help of his Pratichi Institute and Guidance Guild. In the report, Dr Sen expressed urgency at the condition of the people surveyed. He pointed out that a large part of population in West Bengal is Muslim and they are deprived of the most basic amenities for development. They are in need of urgent attention.

According to the ‘Living Reality of Muslims in West Bengal’, data collected through primary research revealed that 47% of Muslims are manual labourers who earn their living through daily wages and form the lowest rung in the economic ladder. Thirty-five per cent of Muslims do not have easy access to any medical facility and have to walk at least 4 kilometres to reach a health centre. They are especially devoid of basic living amenities like clean drinking water, LPG and drainage facility in their locality. The writer of the report stated that they need urgent attention of affirmative action from authorities for improvement in standards of living.

It has been stated that one must ask Allah for protection from the worries of famine and poverty. And the well-off part of society should actively try to get rid of poverty in their part of society. It is because the worry of famine and poverty deviates the mind from faith and belief in the Almighty.

In a Hadīth, as recorded by Abu Dawood and Ahmad, Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be to him) has prayed to be saved from the worry of famine in the following duas:

O Allah I seek your refuge from kufr and famine.

O Allah I seek your refuge from famine and scarcity and humiliation.

Islam has not forsaken the poor and the helpless. Allah has named for them a fixed part of the wealth of the well-off people. This is a duty on the part of the rich, which is called Zakat. The sole purpose of zakat is to end the poverty and helplessness of the poor. The poorest have first right to get zakat. In some places the Blessed Prophet states that the sole purpose of Zakat is to spend it on those stricken with lack of food and on the helpless. When sending Maaz bin Jabal to Yemen, he had ordered the collection of Zakat from the rich in the society and distribution of the same among the poor of the society there.

According to Imam Abu Hanifa, the purpose of Zakat is nothing more than helping the poor and needy. It is noteworthy that as long as Islam took care of the needy and poor through the process of Zakat, there was no difference in the society between the rich and the poor. And neither did any group feel the need to raise its voice for its rights.

There is a famous Hadīth in Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim, that states that Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be to him) said, “Islam stands on five pillars. The first is the testimony of faith in the unity of Allah and that Muhammad is His prophet. The second is maintenance of daily five prayers (Salat). The third is giving Zakat. The fourth is fasting in the month of Ramadhan and the fifth is Hajj when finances allow.”

The third pillar of Islam is Zakat through which Allah has given the responsibility of taking care of the poor and needy to the rich and well off section of the society. This is the way to ensure all sections of the society are taken care of.

Today, if we look at our society, we will see that Muslims are trying to strengthen their faith and in upholding the first pillar of Islam. Muslims are trying to maintain the daily five prayers and they are finding ways in society to make it more practicable in the practical life. Not just the five obligatory prayers, but even the optional nawafil are being practised. Not only are people fasting throughout the month of Ramadhan, but they are also observing the six fasts of Shawwal and fasts of Ashura. The will to perform Hajj has also increased and a record number of Muslims are now going for Hajj every year.

Unfortunately, the third pillar is still mostly ignored. The primary third pillar is not that the strong among the followers of Islam, which are making the foundation of Muslim society weak. No wonder the society is teetering on the edge of collapse and backwardness.

It is time to realise that Zakat is the right of the poor, the salvation of an Islamic society, the key to their development and without it Muslims do not even begin to follow the basic five tenets of Islam. This is the reason the Muslim society is weakening and Muslims are being lured in the name of ‘ghar wapsi’ or they are converting to Christianity or Qadiyaaniyat. Sadly, a major part of the Muslim society is not even aware of this basic principle that holds the key to most travails of the Muslim society.

It is very clear from the study of the Qur’ān and Hadīth that Muslims have been made the protectors of Salat and Zakat. It is our responsibility to maintain these two in our lives. It indicates a deeper relationship between Salat and Zakat. And a Muslim becomes practising only by maintaining these two things in his life.

Salat is the pillar of Islam. One who lets it crumble demolishes all the constructions of Deen in his personality and Zakat is the bridge that leads him to safety and deliverance. Whoever deviates from the bridge of zakat falls into the abyss of failure.

Abdullah bin Masood states, “You have been ordered to practise Salat and give Zakat. Who does not give Zakat, his Salat is not accepted.”

Some companions of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be to him) used to say that Salat and Zakat have been made obligatory together. No difference has been made between the two. Then they recited the 11th verse of Surah Taubah,

“However, if they repent, establish Salah and pay Zakat, then they shall be your brethren in Deen (faith and way of life based on Divine guidance).” Then they added that the Salat of a Muslim is only accepted if he has been giving Zakat. The first Caliph Abu Bakr declared, “By Allah, anyone who differentiates between Salat and Zakat, I’ll declare a war on him!”

In the last few years a positive change is being observed and Muslims are becoming more aware about Zakat and trying to do more in the name of Zakat. People are becoming aware of how the system of Zakat was a community effort during the times of Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be to him) . People are also finding out and becoming aware of the system of Zakat collection and distribution during that era. And it is also being noticed that how, during the Caliphate of Abu Bakr, the four rightly guided Caliphs had waged a war against those who were not giving Zakat, even though they had accepted and believed in the Kalimah, the Oneness of Allah and believed in the Prophet as His messenger.

The community system of Zakat was carried on even during the four rightly guided Caliphates and then during the Caliphate of Abbasids and Umayyads. The system of community Zakat was discontinued by the 7th century (Islamic calendar post Hijrah) when the Tartars attacked Islamic countries and it became very difficult to maintain the bait-ul-maal (community treasury) and practise community system of Zakat in the now invaded society.

Zakat is not very wisely practised by Muslims in India. The management system for Zakat is elementary. Even now the public opinion is that it is enough to hand a few kilos of flour or some length of cloth and a few hundred rupees is what should be given to beggars and relatives in need. And after a month or so the poor are again left begging and helpless. According to one wise person, in this situation Zakat becomes like the painkiller that gives relief to the helpless for a limited period of time, but it is not like the medicine that cures the illness for good.

Zakat should be used in the rehabilitation of the poor and helpless, not just to feed and clothe him for a short duration.

According to Imam Abu Hanifa, “The poor and helpless should be given as much Zakat as is sufficient to take him out of penury and need, and to help him establish his livelihood on his own.”

It means that the needy should be given whatever is required in taking care of their needs forever. It can be any kind of help in establishing a long-term and durable source of livelihood and helping him to rebuild his collapsing business.

Besides, Islamic scholars have argued in favour of the use of Zakat as a sure means of eradicating poverty and famine from a society. For example, if a poor person possesses a skill like an artisan, he should be given as much money required to buy equipment pertaining to his skill and expertise to make him self-reliant. Similarly, different scale of the amount of Zakat has been established for the needs of small time businessmen of different levels. They can be given Zakat according to the needs of their business to make them independent. This system was developed from the wise policies that second rightly guided caliph Umar bin Khattab brought into practice during his Caliphate.

The Rightly Guided Caliph has said, “When you give to a poor, then give so much that it ends his need.”

A narrative from a Hadīth states that once a very poor man came to Umar bin Khattab and asked for help. He was given three camels by the wise Caliph to get over his penury. At that time a camel was considered the most lucrative and useful animal.

Announcing his policy for the helpless, Caliph Umar said, “I will give to the deserving poor again and again, even if this way they collect a hundred camels from me.”

Such was the instruction of the most successful Caliph regarding Zakat.

Renowned Fiqh scholar and glorious follower of Islam Ataa states, “If a person takes care of just one deserving needy Muslim family and provides them enough to take care of their needs, then this action is the most favourable in my eyes.”

Abu Ubaid, who is considered a great figure in the field of Islamic financial policies, considers this statement by Ataa most important and worth emulating.

Some other scholars are of the opinion that a deserving needy and poor person should be given so much money that it is enough to take care of his and his immediate family’s all basic needs. Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be to him) himself had been reported in various Sahih Hadiths to have gathered provisions sufficient for one year for himself and his immediate family.

Another important purpose of Zakat is that deserving poor people are able to live a decent life, which is the right of humans and which satisfies the basic sense of humanity. A decent life requires the meeting of basic needs like food, clothing, housing, medical facilities and marriage.

These days, efforts are made in Malaysia and South Africa to establish a community-level Zakat system. The receivers of Zakat are divided in two groups. The two groups are named productive poor and non-productive poor. The non-productive poor are the aged, widow and handicapped and the terminally ill who have no way to earn and are poor. These are given continuous help. On this group is spent about 20 to 25% of the total Zakat collection.

The remaining 80 to 75% of Zakat collection is given to the productive poor. This group contains men and women who cannot start their own business because of lack of funds. They can become self-sufficient after receiving one financial boost that aids in starting up their business or livelihood. So this group soon becomes self-sufficient enough to give Zakat themselves after a very short time.

The system of Zakat is the first law towards providing an organised social security for all. The purpose of this system is that the basic needs of food, clothing, housing and marriage of all deserving, needy and poor in the society and their immediate family members are taken care of.

Today, the Muslim community in India is full of the needy, destitute and helpless who do not have the basic amenities of life. They are in an urgent need to raise their standard of living above this current level which is way below the level of humanity. Just like the efforts to make Salat, a common practice among Muslims, a movement is required to make Zakat a common practice. The initiators of this movement need to be scholars, thinkers, leaders and torchbearers of the Muslim society.

The movement needs a deliberate step towards making the youth aware of the purpose, importance and correct practice of Zakat in Islam. It is high time to study and propagate the policies and methods of the rightly guided caliphs (Khulafa-e-Rashideen) and their system of community Zakat.

Even if one-third of the total population of 15-20 crore Muslims in India is self-sufficient, then they can help build a community treasury worth thousands of crore of rupees. A deliberate and goal-oriented socio-economic survey of the Muslim community can be done and then, keeping in sight the examples of Malaysia and South Africa, the wealth of the community treasury can be distributed among the deserving poor of the society.

The division template of Malaysia and South Africa can be followed to make the skilled and productive poor self-reliant. And the standards of living of non-productive group can then be brought up with regular support.

Those who are already well to do and can spare something after fulfilling their and their immediate family’s needs, they need to step forward and contribute to the establishment and maintenance of the community treasury that will aid in uplifting the whole of Muslim society.

It is the promise of the Almighty that those who give to help their fellowmen will be richly rewarded, and the rewards will be beyond our imagination.

“That (Mercy) I shall ordain for those who do right, and practise regular charity, and those who believe in Our Signs”. (Surah Al A’raf 156)

“Alms are for the poor, and the needy, and those employed to administer the (funds); for those whose hearts have been (recently) reconciled (to the Truth); for those in bondage and in debt; in the cause of Allah; and for the wayfarer: (thus is it) ordained by Allah, and Allah is full of knowledge and wisdom.” (Surah Tauba 60)


[Translated by Nabila Habib for ViewsHeadlines. H. ABDUR RAQEEB is General Secretary Indian Centre for Islamic Finance and member of Jamaat-e-Islami Hind’s Central Advisory Council]


(Courtesy: Radiance Weekly)

Friday, June 2, 2017

Alas Kavikko Abdul Rahman is no more.....Retired Tamil Professor, Islamia College, Vaniyambadi

Otn Fri, Jun 2, 2017 at 6:51 AM, Muduvai Hidayath
wrote:
கவிக்கோ அப்துல் ரஹ்மான் வஃபாத்து : ஈமான் அமைப்பு இரங்கல்

கவிக்கோ அப்துல் ரஹ்மான் இன்று 02.06.2017 வெள்ளிக்கிழமை அதிகாலை வஃபாத்தானார். 
இன்னாலில்லாஹி வ இன்னா இலைஹி ராஜிவூன் 
அன்னாரது மறைவுக்கு துபாய் ஈமான் அமைப்பு இரங்கல் தெரிவிக்கிறது. 
மேலும் மறைந்த கவிக்கோ அப்துல் ரஹ்மான் அவர்களது ஹக்கில் அனைவரும் துஆச் செய்திட கேட்டுக் கொள்ளப்படுகிறார்கள்.  

கடந்த 2008-ஆம் ஆண்டு நவம்பர் மாதம் அவர் ஈமான் அமைப்பு நடத்திய சமுதாய மேம்பாட்டு விழிப்புணர்ச்சி நிகழ்ச்சியில் கலந்து கொண்டார். அதற்கு முந்தைய ஆண்டுகளில் லூத்தா ஜாமிஆ மஸ்ஜிதில் நடந்த நிகழ்ச்சியிலும் கலந்து கொண்டார். 


சென்னை: கவிக்கோ அப்துல் ரகுமான்(80) உடல் நலக்குறைவு காரணமாக இன்று(ஜூன் 2) அதிகாலை காலமானார்.
சாகித்ய அகாடமி விருது வென்ற ‛கவிக்கோ' அப்துல் ரகுமான், மூச்சுத்திணறல் காரணமாக காலமானார். சென்னை பனையூர் வீட்டில் இன்று அதிகாலை 2 மணியளவில் அவர் உயிர் பிறந்தது.

வாழ்க்கை குறிப்பு:

'கவிக்கோ' என்று போற்றப்படும் தமிழ்க் கவிஞர் அப்துல் ரகுமான், மதுரையில் 1937ம் ஆண்டு பிறந்தார். இவரது தந்தையும், தாத்தாவும் சிறந்த உருது கவிஞர்கள். கல்லூரியில் தமிழை சிறப்புப் பாடமாக எடுத்துப் பயின்று, இலக்கண, இலக்கியங்களை கற்று, கவிதை எழுதத் துவங்கினார். தமிழ், ஆங்கிலம், அரபி, உருது, பாரசீகம், இந்தி ஆகிய பல மொழிகளிலும் புலமை பெற்றிருந்த இவர், சமஸ்கிருதமும் பயின்றவர். இவரது முதல் கவிதை தொகுப்பு ‛பால்வீதி' 1974ம் ஆண்டு வெளிவந்தது. தொடர்ந்து பல இதழ்களில் கட்டுரைகள், கவிதைகள் எழுதினார். 

சாகித்ய அகாடமி:

வாணியம்பாடி இஸ்லாமிய கல்லூரியில் தமிழ்துறை தலைவராக 20 ஆண்டுகள் பணியாற்றினார். தமிழில் கவிதைக் குறியீடுகள் குறித்து ஆராய்ந்து முனைவர் பட்டம் பெற்ற இவர், 1999ல் 'ஆலாபனை' கவிதைத் தொகுப்புக்காக சாகித்ய அகாடமி விருது வென்றார். கவியரசர் பாரிவிழா விருது, தமிழன்னை விருது, பாரதிதாசன் விருது, கலைமாமணி, கம்பர் விருது, உமறுப்புலவர் விருது உள்ளிட்ட பல விருதுகளையும் வென்றுள்ளார். 

--
முதுவை ஹிதாயத்

Thursday, June 1, 2017

Cattle Ban Notification Upsets Tanners & Farmers


CATTLE BAN NOTIFICATION UPSETS TANNERS & FARMERS

The notification issued by the Government of India recently banning sale of cows, buffaloes, bulls, bullocks, steers, heifers, calves and camels for slaughter has shocked farmers, tanners, social activists, media persons etc.

Industrialists feel that the ban would serve as a major blow to the world renowned leather industry of Tamil Nadu which accounts for 40% of about $ 6 billion leather export market of the country. Leather units located in places like Ranipet, Erode, Ambur, Mel Visharam and Pallavaram are worst sufferers. Most of the tanneries in these places rely on imported and locally sourced cow and buffalo hides. Their survival will be difficult if raw hides are not available to them for tanning.

Many national newspapers have also editorially criticised the notification as retrograde law. The Times of India came out with a powerful editorial saying “the environment ministry introduced rules to regulate cattle trade will effectively kill the buffalo meat industry. This will be the immediate impact. Subsequently it will increase already high levels of stress on agriculture as livestock trade – on which draconian restrictions will be placed – is an essential component of the agrarian economy. This law will have a harmful impact on farmers and industries which use livestock products as input. In addition, it undermines federalism as it encroaches on the domain of states”.

India’s leather exporters have pointed out the ban could very much hit the industry which is struggling to realise its share of leather exports in the highly competitive world market.

According to many sources, exporters are planning to request the environment ministry to allow trading of buffaloes at livestock markets as in the case of goats and sheep.

Mr. M. Rafeeque Ahmed, President of All India Skin and Hide Tanners and Merchants Association, has said that the ban would not only reduce export earnings but also hit farmers’ interests if the livestock fairs are taken away from cattle trade.

It is also reported that the ban has hit business everywhere in the country. In a century-old cattle market in Poigai in Vellore district of Tamil Nadu farmers and livestock merchants were reportedly nervous at the weekly market on Tuesday fearing reprisals and legal complications and business concluded was less than 50%.

(Writer’s email id: vmk1234@yahoo.com)



Chennai Leather Market - June 2017

CHENNAI LEATHER MARKET

V M Khaleelur Rahman


There was not much business in the Chennai leather market. It seems some regular business has taken place at unchanged prices in tanned goat and sheep skins. However tanners are quoting somewhat higher prices as they feel that prices may go up due to the notification of the union government banning sale of cattle for slaughter.

Quotations of tanners are at around the following prices:

E.I. Tanned Goat Skins

Grain selection:

4/6 sq. ft. Run/V/IF/LIF combined Rs.60
5/8 sq. ft. Run/V/IF/LIF Rs.95/80/70/60                                     

Suede Selection:

4/6 sq. ft. All Suede Rs.46
5/7 sq. ft. All Suede Rs.50

Lining Selection:

4/6 sq. ft. ABC combined Rs.39
5/8 sq. ft. AB combined Rs.48 and ABC combined Rs.44

Mesh selection:

5/8 sq. ft. Rs.26

Rejection

3/8 sq. ft. Rs.18

Langda

Rs.14

All prices are per sq. ft.


F/C sheep leather (for export)

4/6 sq. ft. All Suede JY 200, LIF Suede JY 165, Rejection Suede JY 110

6/9 sq. ft. All Suede JY 210, LIF Suede JY 175, Rejection Suede JY 120


Offers of exporters are at around the following prices:

S/C OR F/C GOAT LEATHERS

Material
Size/sq. ft.
Substance
Selection
Price US$ per sq. ft. C&F
Goat upper leather
 4/7
0.6/0.8 mm
ABC/DE
2.30/1.80
Goat milled leather
4/7
0.6/0.8 mm
TR-1
1.75
Goat suede leather
4/7
5/8
0.6/0.8 mm
0.6/0.8 mm
All Suede
2.10
2.20
Goat lining leather
4/7
0.5/0.7 mm
TR-1
1.75
6/9
0.6/0.8 mm
TR-1
1.85

F/C SHEEP LEATHERS

Material
Size/sq.ft.
Substance
Selection
Price US$ per sq. ft. C&F
Sheep Cabretta leather
4/7
0.6/0.8 mm
ABC
2.00
Sheep Cabretta leather
6/9
0.8/1.00 mm
ABC
2.10
Sheep lining leather
4/7
5/9
0.5/0.7 mm
0.6/0.8 mm
TR-1
TR-1
1.60
1.70
                                     
(Writer’s email id: vmk1234@yahoo.com)