Friday, February 3, 2017

Chennai Leather Market - February 2017

CHENNAI LEATHER MARKET

V M Khaleelur Rahman

There seems to be no change for the better in the Chennai leather market. Activities are slow as in the past few months in tanned as well as wet blue goat and sheep skins. Prices of raw hides and skins are also almost unchanged and transactions slow everywhere in the country.

Local prices for E.I. Tanned Goat Skins are as follows approximately.

Grain Selection: 5/8 sq. ft. Run Rs.95, Fifths Rs.80, Inf. Fifths Rs.70, LIF Rs.60,

Suede Selection: 4/6 sq. ft. Rs.46, 5/8 sq. ft. Rs.47

Lining Selection: 5/8 sq. ft. AB Lining Rs.44, ABC Lining Rs.40, 4/6 sq. ft. AB Lining Rs.38, ABC Lining Rs.35

Mesh Selection: 5/8 sq. ft. Rs.30

All prices are per sq. ft.

Raw Skins: As far as raw goat skins are concerned, In Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh the prevailing prices are from Rs.100 to 130 per piece. However in some other places like Miraj where quality is better prices are from Rs.150 to 200 per piece depending on size and quality. Some big exporters are covering their requirements from these high quality centres. 

Offers of exporters are at around the following prices:

                                      S/C OR F/C GOAT LEATHERS

Material
Size/sq. ft.
Substance
Selection
Price US$ per sq. ft. C&F
Goat upper leather
 4/7
0.6/0.8 mm
ABC/DE
2.10/1.60
Goat milled leather
4/7
0.6/0.8 mm
TR-1
1.75
Goat suede leather
4/7
5/8
0.6/0.8 mm
0.6/0.8 mm
All Suede
2.00
2.10
Goat lining leather

4/7
0.5/0.7 mm
TR-1
1.60
6/9
0.6/0.8 mm
TR-1
1.70
                                                       
                                   F/C SHEEP LEATHERS

Material
Size/sq.ft.
Substance
Selection
Price US$ per sq. ft. C&F
Sheep Cabretta leather
4/7
0.6/0.8 mm
ABC
1.90
Sheep Cabretta leather
6/9
0.8/1.00 mm
ABC
2.00
Sheep lining leather
4/7
5/9
0.5/0.7 mm
0.6/0.8 mm
TR-1
TR-1
1.50
1.60

Although exports have been down during the past some months, exporters are optimistic that things will change and exports will pick up during this year. As exporters of leather are facing problems at the Customs on identification of finished leather, many small tanners and exporters are not willing to enter into contracts. This is considered to be one of the reasons for the exports coming down. At this time of a sort of crisis in the leather industry, some small scale tanners demand that the 15% export duty on E. I. Tanned goat and sheep skins should be removed to enable them to carry on their business in this age old leather item which is nothing but “finished leather”. Although there is a strong case for this, divided opinions are the main hurdles in the way of the government making the E. I. Tanned skins duty free.

(Writer’s e-mail id: vmk1234@yahoo.com)

Sunday, January 29, 2017

The Rise and Fall of the Bayt-al-Hikmah

http://www.thehindu.com/books/The-rise-and-fall-of-the-Bayt-al-Hikmah/article17103267.eceA

The Rise and Fall of the Bayt-al-Hikmah
Mini Krishnan 
Within 25 years of the death of their Prophet, the Arabs conquered the whole of Persia, Syria, Armenia, and a bit of Central Asia. In the east, they reached the Indus river and Sindh. In the west, they swept across Egypt and northern Africa, crossed the seas and landed at Gibraltar. In time, Spain too fell.
They were soon in possession of a different kind of power. In 751 AD, they captured Chinese paper-makers. This knowledge changed the nature of how writing was shared and stored. When the strongest people in the world saw the importance of establishing libraries, learning sprang up everywhere in their footsteps. Muslims were the first people to show an interest in translating manuscripts and scrolls from cultures other than theirs. Popularly known as the knowledge empire of the caliphs, there followed a history of 500 years of Islamic library building. By the ninth century, scholars in Cordoba and Spain were corresponding with their counterparts in Cairo, Bokhara, Samarkand and Baghdad. Baghdad! Persian for “gift from God”!
Baghdad was born in 762 AD. Caliph Mansur, whose empire stretched from India to the Atlantic, sailed up and down the Tigris looking for a place to call home. He finally settled on a spot and shifted his capital from Damascus to Baghdad. He united many intellectual centres and employed scholars to carry out research and translate the world into Arabic. Interestingly, most of the translations into Arabic were done by writers whose first language was not Arabic.
The Abbasid Caliphs supported schools of Syrian, Greek, Persian, Jewish, Hindu and Armenian translators. In their time, it was easy for intellectuals and scholars to make a living. An academic life was a sign of status, and legendary translators were paid the weight of their work in gold. Rare scrolls and ancient texts were preferred war booty. For instance, Ptolemy’s Almaget was claimed as a condition for peace after a war between the Abbasids and the Byzantine Empire. Baghdad gained reputation as one of the world’s most cultured places and its storytellers, scientists, artists and scholars translated most of what was known to the ancient world.
The buying of manuscripts began when a mathematical work from Sanskrit (Bramhasphuta Siddhanta) was translated into Arabic in the 8th century. Scholars were told to go anywhere in the world and name any price to collect manuscripts on astronomy, medicine, philosophy and the natural sciences. Arab intelligence spread across the world even more swiftly and dramatically than Greek had a thousand years before, and had a great effect upon the human mind and upon the destiny of the world. And nearly all of this energy came from one city.
In 830 AD, Al-Mamun, son of Harun-al-Rashid, established Bayt al-Hikmah, the House of Wisdom, to preserve manuscripts. Anyone could enter the House so long as they were genuine users of the library. Translators, scientists, scribes, authors, men of letters, writers, copyists and others met here every day for co-translation, dialogue and discussion. Manuscripts on various scientific subjects were prepared in collaboration, and translated into and from different languages.
The walls rang with Arabic, Farsi, Hebrew, Aramaic, Syriac, Greek and Latin and occasionally Sanskrit. Aristotelian logic, cosmology, the nature of the universe, medicine and mathematics were all created out of an alloy of Arabic-Greek-Persian-Indian minds. Without the archiving and research that was conducted in the House of Wisdom and later translated into Latin in Cordoba and Toledo, much ancient knowledge would have been lost to the world.
We are two weeks away from a tragic anniversary.
On February 10, 1258, the Mongol, Hulagu Khan, fulfilled his grandfather Genghis Khan’s ambition and sacked the city of Baghdad, ignoring the Caliph’s message that any aggression against Baghdad would move the entire Muslim world against them. This gift from God, this centre of translation, this city filled with treasures of the mind was plundered and set ablaze. Thousands of students, physicians and scholars lost their lives. Since the Caliph was considered royalty, the Mongols killed him without spilling blood. He was bundled up in a carpet and trampled to death by horses.
The Mongols ransacked palaces, homes and 36 libraries. Bayt-al-Hikmah was destroyed in a matter of days. It is reported that the River Tigris ran red with the blood of the dead and then black from the ink of manuscripts. Along with the library went all astronomical observatories and other experimental endeavours not to mention the largest translation department ever known to man.
Ironically, the descendants of Hulagu Khan later turned to Islam and learnt to value art and learning.
minioup@gmail.com
(Courtesy: The Hindu dated 29th January 2017)

Thursday, January 19, 2017

JALLIKATTU - an age old tradition and culture.

The unprecedented revolutionary protests of students and youngsters going on since three days in different parts of Tamil Nadu demanding the removal of ban on Jallikattu have given pleasant surprise to the people everywhere in India and abroad particularly in Tamil Nadu. Protests are being held even abroad to extend support to Jallikattu. There is a strong feeling among the people that their sentiments are not respected in the matter of Jallikattu. They also demand a ban on the PETA (People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals) which was instrumental in bringing the ban on Jallikattu. It is a controversial American animal rights organisation founded in 1980.

Many of the protesters have blamed both the Tamil Nadu and Central governments for the present tension. The meeting of the honourable Tamil Nadu Chief Minister Mr. O. Panneerselvam with the honourable Prime Minister Mr. Narendra Modi has not been successful in this regard. The Prime Minister has said he appreciated the cultural significance of Jallikattu for the people of Tamil Nadu, but indicated that the Centre was unable to promulgate an ordinance. 

The protesters say that they will continue their protests till their demand is met and Jallikattu is allowed by removing the ban by an ordinance. They hold the governments at the Centre and in the Tamil Nadu state responsible for the present state of affairs in Tamil Nadu. 

The present revolution has created an awakening among the youngsters. They have proved that they are not just fun loving people but also matured ones capable of going to the rescue of the people and safeguarding their tradition and culture.  Though lakhs of people are protesting  in Tamil Nadu no untoward incident has taken place. Undoubtedly it shows their discipline and maturity which is appreciated by all.

There is an urgent need for a permanent solution. All including legal luminaries feel that the honourable Prime Minister Mr. Narendra Modi can solve the problem. It is also necessary that the Tamil Nadu Chief Minister Mr. Panneerselvam should talk to him again and make a strong representation in favour of Jallikattu explaining  what is going on in Tamil Nadu and see to it that the ban on Jallikattu is removed.

One feels that the present awakening among the youngsters is a historic one, never witnessed before. It is the strength of our democracy.

                                                                                          V. M. Khaleelur Rahman

Monday, January 2, 2017

CHENNAI LEATHER MARKET - JANUARY 2017



CHANNAI LEATHER MARKET

V.M. Khaleelur Rahman

 Chennai leather market is yet to recover from the unfavourable impact of demonetisation of Rs.500 and Rs.1000 currency notes. Local activities are very slow in all items of leather. Tanners and exporters find it difficult to carry on their business. Tannery and factory workers are running to ATMs after working hours to withdraw cash. In some shoe factories like Farida Shoes tokens of provision stores worth Rs.1000 and Rs.500 are given to employees to enable them to get the necessary provisions like rice, wheat flour etc. Production has been reduced in many tanneries. Even shoe shops in the popular Periamet area are not getting enough business. It is the case elsewhere also. Cash crunch is felt everywhere. Suppliers of raw hides and skins, chemicals, shoe materials etc. are not able to get their payments on time.

E.I. Tanned Goat Skins are sold at around the following prices:

Grain selection 4/6 sq. ft. Run and Fifth combined Rs.58
5/8 sq. ft. Run Rs.72, 5/8 sq. ft. Suede Rs.50, 4/6 sq. ft. Suede Rs.46, 3/4 sq. ft. Suede Rs.35
3/4 sq. ft. Heel Grip Rs.30, 5/8 sq. ft. Lining Rs.47, 4/7 sq. ft. Lining Rs.41, Flesh Mesh RS.33
Grain Mesh Rs.25, Rejection Rs.17, Langda Rs.125 per kg., K/Langda Rs.90 per kg.
Kids –Lot Rs.325, Kids – Lower Rs.225,

As far as overseas business is concerned, due to Christmas and New Year holidays, market is very slow. Quotations of exporters are as follows:

                                      S/C OR F/C GOAT LEATHERS

Material
Size/sq. ft.
Substance
Selection
Price US$ per sq. ft. C&F
Goat upper leather
 4/7
0.6/0.8 mm
ABC/DE
2.10/1.60
Goat milled leather
4/7
0.6/0.8 mm
TR-1
1.70
Goat suede leather
4/7
5/8
0.6/0.8 mm
0.6/0.8 mm
All Suede
2.00
2.10
Goat lining leather

4/7
0.5/0.7 mm
TR-1/TR-2/TR-3
1.50/1.40/1.30
6/9
0.6/0.8 mm
TR-1/2/3
Combined
1.60
                                                       
                                   F/C SHEEP LEATHERS

Material
Size/sq.ft.
Substance
Selection
Price US$ per sq. ft. C&F
Sheep Cabretta leather
4/7
0.6/0.8 mm
ABC
2.00
Sheep Cabretta leather
6/9
0.8/1.00 mm
ABC
2.10
Sheep lining leather
4/7
5/9
0.5/0.7 mm
0.6/0.8 mm
TR-1
TR-1
1.50
1.60

SHOE INDUSTRY

Shoe factories in places like Chennai and Ambur are working with reduced productions. It is expected in the trade circle that things will change for the better during this New Year 2017. Shoe manufacturers feel that the Council for Leather Exports should find new marketing strategies and help Indian leather and leather products industry grow well in production and export. They also say there is an urgent need for them to concentrate more and more in domestic markets.

It is noteworthy that a country like Portugal has achieved about 40% growth in its footwear exports during the past five years. Although it keeps its exports going to its main 20 big European markets, its bigger growth rates have been from non-traditional markets in which it worked vigorously.


                                                                                                            

Thursday, December 15, 2016

JIH CHENNAI MEELAD LECTURES ON 16,17 & 18 DEC 2016

JIH Chennai Meeladun Nabi lectures will be held on 16,17 and 18 December 2016 at Islamic Information Centre, IFT, Perambur, as per programme given below:

1      Friday, 16 December 2016, 6.00 pm to 8.00 pm.

Speakers:

1. Janab T. Azeez Luthfullah
2. Janab V.S. Mohammed Ameen

Janab K. Jalaluddin will preside over the meeting.

2     Saturday, 17 December 2016, 6.00 pm to 8.00 pm.

Speakers:

1. Dr. K.V.S. Habeeb Mohammed, M.B.B.S., D.C.H.  
2. Janab S.N. Sikandar

     
3      Sunday, 18 December 2016, 10.30 am to 1.00 pm.

Speakers:

1. Janab Shahul Hameed
2. Dr. M.M. Salahuddin, M.B.B.S.,M.Ch.
3. Maulvi Nooh Mahzari

The above speakers will deliver their lectures on different aspects of Prophet Mohammed (sal-am)

JIH invites all to participate in the Meelad-un-Nabi lectures. 




Sunday, December 11, 2016

Sanghaman Co-operative Society comes to Chennai




The Kerala based co-operative society by name “Sanghamam Multi State Co-operative Credit Society” has proposal to open its branch in Chennai as it has done in some other places in Tamil Nadu, Pondicherry and Kerala. At a meeting held on Saturday, 10th December 2016 at 6.15 pm at IFT hall at Perambur in Chennai some of its directors explained in detail how this Society functions. The hall was full with interested people. 

The main objective of the Society is to enhance the financial uplift and overall development of the downtrodden through micro finance. It helps people in promoting small scale business. One can become its member by buying its shares. It accepts interest free investments and provides security and safe returns, it says in its pamphlet.  

Sanghamam’s head office address:

Sanghamam Multi State Co-operative Credit Society Ltd.,
I.S.T. Building 10/529, Oasis Compound, Kozhikode-673 001, Kerala
Email address: sanghamammsccs@gmail.com

Some of the photos of the meeting:








Tuesday, December 6, 2016

AIADMK supremo Miss J. Jayalalithaa bids adieu

Miss J. Jayalalithaa, the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, who breathed her last at 11.30 pm on Monday night, 5th December 2016, at Apollo Hospitals at the age of 68 was undoubtedly a darling of the masses. She was affectionately called Amma by one and all. Her passing away is a great loss to the country particularly to Tamil Nadu. She was a revolutionary woman leader – Puratchi Thalaivi – in the real sense. She was in the hospital for 75 days getting best possible treatment from Indian and overseas doctors. But her fate decided otherwise.

Her body has been brought and kept at Rajaji Hall in Chennai to enable people to pay their last respects to the departed soul. Her funeral is to take place on the Marina Beach near the MGR  Samadhi.

Prime Minister Mr. Narendra Modi has rightly described her as “a source of inspiration” because of her connect with citizens, concern for welfare of the poor, the women and marginalised people” after expressing his deep sadness over her demise. He has also said her passing away has left “a huge void in Indian politics”. The President and Vice President of India and many other national and state political leaders have paid rich tributes to her.

Mr. O. Panneerselvam has been sworn in as Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu by Governor Mr. Vidyasagar Rao in a brief ceremony held at Raj Bhavan.

Miss J. Jayalalithaa  was one of the best leaders and administrators of the country, the likes of whom are rare. Her perfect strategies and manoeuvres kept her party leaders united. She was a highly successful, very bold and powerful party supremo. She enjoyed unimaginable public support because of her people friendly schemes. She got what she desired and achieved what she wanted in her life with determination and belief in God. She can be compared with only herself. She is no more now.

May her soul rest in peace.

Saturday, December 3, 2016

A rejoinder to Mrs. Nikhath Fathima

A rejoinder to Mrs. Nikhath Fathima who quit Muslim Personal Law Board

 V.M. Khaleelur Rahman

Mrs. Nikhath Fathima’s resignation from the Muslim Personal Law Board (MPLB) is at a wrong time and it is not going to bring any benefit to anybody. She should have been in the Board expressing her stand and co-operating with it as Islamic scholars belonging to different schools of thought are doing. She should have asked the Board to popularise the Quranic procedure for divorce in case husband and wife cannot live together despite best efforts. It is said that the kingdom of God is shaken when this ugly word talaq is pronounced. In Islam marriage is a sacred contract which is meant for life long period. In pious Muslim families one cannot even utter this word.

Mrs. Nikhath says “the board represents various sections of Muslims including Ahle Hadees and Shias, both of which do not recognise instant triple talaq, why are their views not being accepted ?”. The well-known fact is that all the four recognised schools of thought – Hanafi, Shafi, Maliki and Hambali – do not say that instant triple talaq is invalid. No Mufti belonging to any of these schools, however powerful he may be, can alter it. There is no authority to change the Sharia laws. One cannot amend them according to ones whims and fancies. According to the above mentioned four schools of thought who are in an overwhelming majority, when this word is pronounced thrice talaq occurs and is considered as three talaq. Even Mrs. Nikhath says, “in exceptional circumstances such as when the wife is suffering long term abuse but does not have the guts to break away, instant talaq can be a boon.” There is need for mutual understanding, flexibility and co-operation in a partnership to make things go on without disturbances and be happy. Arrogance never pays but lands in troubles. We must have guts to tolerate and not break away. There is no heart which cannot be won. 

The urgent need of the hour is to make the Muslim community realise the importance of giving higher education for their boys and girls along with religious education to enable them to lead a happy and peaceful life giving no room for things like anger, pride, ego, etc.

As far as Mrs. Nikhath’s demand for allowing women in mosques is concerned, of course wherever possible and wherever facilities are available, they are invited on certain occasions for lectures and other educational programmes. It is not that Muslim women are prohibited in mosques. Nobody says that they have no right to enter the mosques. The fact is that they are praying at home and are encouraged to do so as they are exempted from coming to the mosque. They are happy with this system. 

Her further remarks that “some of the Board members run businesses where 70% of the workforce is women. They don’t mind women going out of their homes to work but will not allow them in the mosque. Why? Because they will start reading the Quran and learn of their rights under Islam” have no takers. I need not explain about it as everyone knows that they are not based on facts. 

Yes, Muslim women should be empowered educationally and economically particularly in the present highly materialistic world to protect their dignity and lead a happy and respectable life without being at the mercy of others. Please go through the article in the following blog:


The present stand of the Jamat-e-Islami, Ahle Hadees and Shias in firmly backing the Muslim Personal Law Board is the right decision backed by the entire Indian Muslim community. There is no point in demanding what is not possible. Unity is strength.


Friday, December 2, 2016

Chennai Leather Market - December 2016

CHENNAI LEATHER MARKET

V.M. Khaleelur Rahman

Chennai leather market is very dull and the transactions that took place after the ban on the old notes of Rs.500 and Rs.1000 denominations are very limited. This is the case not only here in Chennai but throughout the country. Undoubtedly the leather industry is feeling the heat of the demonetisation. Industrialists say that it has affected the leather industry badly. They are not able to arrange money for the purchase of raw materials, payment of weekly wages, lorry freights and other daily expenses. The fact is that the well intended but ill planned ban is facing implementation problems.

Mr. M. Rafeeque Ahmed, Chairman, Council for Leather Exports has said that the government should relax the cash withdrawal limit from accounts as this is accounted for and can be captured by the Income Tax Department. He has further said that demonetisation is a good idea but it is not being implemented without affecting the public and trading community.

Mr. Faiyaz Ahmed, Honorary Secretary, Ambur Tanners Association, has said that “non-availability of new currencies is the main problem and that even the routine banking works such as cheque clearance and electronic transfer of money are affected as bank officials are busy with cash exchange”.

Mr. N. Sundar, District Secretary of North Arcot District Tannery Workers Union, has said that about  1.5 lakh workers employed in leather and footwear industries in and around Ambur are unable to get cash for urgent needs and are running around for money”.

There are reports that the leather industry in places like Agra, Kanpur and Delhi are in a difficult situation because of the cash crunch.

QUOTATIONS OF TANNERS ARE AS FOLLOWS:

TANNED GOAT SKINS

Grain Selection

4/7 sq. ft. Run Rs.75 and V/IF/LIF combined Rs.58
5/8 sq. ft. Run Rs.80 and V/IF/LIF combined Rs.65

Suede Selection:

3/6 sq. ft. All Suede Rs.46 per sq. ft.
5/8 sq. ft. All Suede Rs.49 per sq. ft.

Lining Selection

5/7 sq. ft. Better Lining Rs.43 per sq. ft.

Heel Grip:

4/6 sq. ft. Rs.28 per sq. ft.
5/8 sq. ft. Rs.30 per sq. ft.

Mesh:

4/7 sq. ft. Rs.27 per sq. ft.

Rejection:

4 sq. ft. and up Rs.20 per sq. ft.

Langda:

3 sq. ft. and up Rs. 15 per sq. ft.

EXPORT OFFERS ARE AS FOLLOWS:

F/C sheep leather

All Suede 4/7 sq. ft. JY 200 and 5/7 sq. ft. JY 210 per sq. ft. C&F
Rejection Suede 4/7 sq. ft. JY 105 and 5/7 sq. ft. JY 115 per sq. ft. C&F

                                      S/C OR F/C GOAT LEATHERS

Material
Size/sq. ft.
Substance
Selection
Price US$ per sq. ft. C&F
Goat upper leather
 4/7
0.6/0.8 mm
ABC/DE
2.00/1.50
Goat milled leather
4/7
0.6/0.8 mm
TR-1/TR-2/TR-3
1.60/1.50/1.40
Goat suede leather
4/7
5/8
0.6/0.8 mm
0.6/0.8 mm
All Suede
1.90
2.00
Goat lining leather

4/7
0.5/0.7 mm
TR-1/2/3 combined
1.50
6/9
0.6/0.8 mm
TR-1/2/3
Combined
1.60
                                                       
                                   F/C SHEEP LEATHERS

Material
Size/sq.ft.
Substance
Selection
Price US$ per sq. ft. C&F
Sheep Cabretta leather
4/7
0.6/0.8 mm
ABC
2.00
Sheep Cabretta leather
6/9
0.8/1.00 mm
ABC
2.10
Sheep lining leather
4/7
5/9
0.5/0.7 mm
0.6/0.8 mm
TR-1/2/3
TR-1/2/3
1.50
1.60

There is very little demand for sheep leathers. Tanners who are doing this item are the worst sufferers.


(Writer’s e-mail id: vmk1234@yahoo.com)